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ANT

Ant Facts
• Ants belong to the insect order Hymenoptera and are close relatives of bees and wasps.
• More than 12,000 species occur throughout the world.
• Ants are common pests in homes, restaurants, hospitals, and warehouses.
• Ants enter buildings seeking shelter, food, and water.
• Established ant colonies are difficult to control.
• Ants feed on most types of food especially those with high carbohydrate and protein value.
• Ants utilize 2 ways to establish a new colony.

a) Swarming the male and female ants performing the nuptial flight will mate and after that, the female ant will try to find a suitable place to lay eggs and start a new colony.

b) Budding one to several queens with a group of workers carrying the brood leaving their original nest in order to establish the nest at a new location.

The mating ants are often referred to as flying ants and can emerge from early spring in swarms that may last up to three hours. The males die after mating, but the females shed their wings, dig into the soil to start new nests.

Ants feed on a wide range of foods but are particularly attracted to sweet substances such as sugar or honey, and will often invade homes, kitchens and cupboards in search of such food. For prevention it is therefore important to make sure all food waste and spillages are cleaned up immediately, foods are stored in sealed containers, especially sweet foods like sugar, rubbish bins are emptied regularly, and that pet food is not left out for long periods.

While ants are not dirty insects, they do walk across unclean areas, leading them to be considered unacceptable. In cases of invasion, all cracks and crevices should be sealed, and a residual insecticide can be used. Successful ant pest control using insecticides takes a great deal of time and effort as nests are frequently inaccessible and difficult to destroy, and therefore may require a pest control specialist.

Control Methods
• Residual Spray
Mainly serve as defense line along the perimeter of premise.

• Baiting using gel
This is often the most environmentally friendly and effective way. Ants that feed on it will bring the poison food back to the nest and share it among other colony members. Hence the entire colony can be eliminated.

• Sanitization
Proper Sanitization is the best way to ensure this problem doesn’t reoccur.

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